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Glagoli - Pomoćni glagoli Was/Were - tekstualno objašnjenje
Za razliku od srpskog jezika, u engleskom jeziku glagol " to be" u prošlosti ima samo dva oblika, a to su was i were, koji se upotrebljavaju uz određena lica što možete videti u narednoj tabeli.
|I||was||I was tired this morning.|
|You||were||You were very good.|
|He||was||He was the best in his class.|
|She||was||She was late for work.|
|It||was||It was a sunny day.|
|We||were||We were at home.|
|You||were||You were on holiday.|
|They||were||They were married.|
To Be - Odrični oblik
Odrični oblik se gradi tako što se na "was i were" doda rečca "not", što se da videti u sledećim primerima:
|I||was not||I was not tired this morning.|
|You||were not||You were not crazy.|
|He||was not||He was not happy.|
|She||was not||She was not famous.|
|It||was not||It was not hot yesterday.|
|We||were not||We were not invited.|
|You||were not||You were not at the party.|
|They||were not||They were not friends.|
To Be - Odrične skraćenice
Odrične skraćenice glagola "to be" se prave spajanjem glagola "was" ili "were" I rečce "not" (npr. Were not = weren't). Skraćenice se u ovom slučaju ne mogu praviti spajanjem subjekta I glagola kao što je to slučaj sadašnjosti.
|Puni oblik||ili||Skraćeni oblik|
|I was not tired this morning.||/||I wasn't tired this morning.|
|You were not crazy.||/||You weren't crazy.|
|He was not happy.||/||He wasn't happy.|
|She was not famous.||/||She wasn't famous.|
|It was not hot yesterday.||It's||It wasn't hot yesterday.|
|We were not invited.||/||We weren't invited.|
|You were not at the party.||/||You weren't at the party.|
|They were not friends.||/||They weren't friends.|
To Be - Upitni oblik
Upitni oblik se gradi inverzijom subjekta I predikata, odnosno njihovom zamenom mesta. Tako da bismo napravili pitanje sa glagolom "to be", moramo prvo upotrebiti glagol pa tek onda subjekat.
Potvrdni oblik -
You were happy.
Upitni oblik -
Were you happy?
U narednoj tabeli možemo da vidimo glagol "to be" u upitnim oblicima.
|Potvrdni oblik||Upitni oblik|
|I was late.||Was I late?|
|You were sick.||Were you sick?|
|He was surprised.||Was he surprised?|
|She was from Italy.||Was she from Italy?|
|It was a big house.||Was it a big house?|
|We were ready.||Were we ready?|
|You were early.||Were you early?|
|They were busy.||Were they busy?|